Couses of Cancer and everyone must know

Cancer is a very dangerous disease and is one of the most deadly diseases in the world. Even so, this disease can be prevented, treated and cured. Knowing the various causes of cancer can help you reduce risk , even prevent cancer.

Cancer is a term used to classify diseases caused by uncontrolled cell growth. This abnormal cell growth initially occurs in certain body parts, then can spread to other parts of the body, even able to penetrate and destroy normal body tissue. In medicine, there are more than 200 types of cancer based on the origin of the tissue where they grow.
causes cancer

Causes and Risk Factors for Cancer

Everything that causes cells in the body to develop abnormally has the potential to cause cancer, one of which is genetic changes or DNA mutations in cells. DNA is a package consisting of genes. Each gene carries "instructions" that regulate cell function in the body. Errors in "instructions" in genes can cause abnormal cell function, cells grow uncontrollably, and eventually are cancerous.

DNA mutations can occur due to genetic influences or offspring from parents. This condition can also be influenced by environmental factors, such as:

Excessive exposure to chemicals and radiation.
Viruses, such as human papilloma virus (HPV) .
Continuous exposure to sunlight.
Obesity, hormones, or inflammation.
Smoking habits and lifestyle.
The risk of cancer can increase with age. Although this condition can occur at any age, but generally people who are diagnosed with cancer aged 65 years and over. Besides age, below are some factors that can increase cancer risk:

Certain health conditions 
Some health conditions that cause inflammation in the body can also increase the risk of cancer, such as chronic inflammatory bowel disease .
Family health history
Cancer can be inherited in the family, although the chances are small. If there is a history of cancer in the family, you are more at risk of developing cancer.

Environmental influence 
There are many harmful chemicals found in the environment, one of them from cigarette smoke. Substances or ingredients that can trigger cancer are called carcinogens .
The risk of cancer will increase in people who have the habit of smoking, consuming alcohol excessively, or having sex.
How to Prevent Cancer
About 30 to 50 percent of all cancers can be prevented by implementing a healthy lifestyle, and by doing immunizations to avoid infections that can cause cancer. The rest, can be cured if detected early, treated immediately, and use appropriate treatment methods.

Here are some ways to prevent cancer.

Eating healthy foods, such as vegetables and fruits, protein, and healthy fats, limits the consumption of processed meat, avoids alcohol and stops smoking.
Maintain body weight to remain ideal by exercising at least 30 minutes every day.
Protect yourself from sun exposure with clothing or sunscreen, especially between 10 am to 4 pm.
Avoid the habit of tanning or darkening the skin, either naturally in the sun or with tanning beds .
Avoid things that can increase the risk of cancer, such as free sex, sharing needles, or using drugs.
Vaccinate against viral infections that can trigger cancer, such as the hepatitis B virus and HPV.
Certain changes in the body, such as the sudden appearance of a lump or bleeding, can be an early symptom of cancer. If you experience these symptoms, you should not ignore them. Immediately consult a doctor to find out the disorder. The faster it is handled, the greater your chances of getting well and avoiding dangerous complications.
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